Bloodstone is a green stone with red, brownish-red, or yellow spots. The spots look similar to blood drops which is why it was named Bloodstone. Legend has it that when Jesus Christ was crucified drops of his blood fell onto a Jasper stone or the dark green earth which turned to stone giving us Bloodstone.
The red spots, created by iron oxide impurities such as Hematite, may be very dense or very sparse. Bloodstone sometimes has stripes or veins, but the spotted version is the most desirable. The green color is due to Chlorite, Amphibole, and Pyroxene minerals. The green may be uneven in color and occurs in a dark to light version with some even having a bluish-gray tone. The most highly prized specimens have a deep forest green color and clearly visible red dots which appear splattered on the green background.
The green portion of Bloodstone is Chalcedony and the red portion is Jasper. Bloodstone forms in low temperatures close to the surface. It is formed from silica-rich groundwaters that drip in cavities and fractures. It was the traditional March gemstone, which today it is more commonly Aquamarine.
Most Jaspers are a 7 on the Mohs. Bloodstone comes in a bit lower at around 6.5. Most Bloodstone is cut into cabochons and other objects such as bowls, wands, and sculptures. In the past, it has been used in men’s jewelry. Bloodstone was frequently mounted into rings with a signet design that could be used to seal letters and documents.
Locations, where Bloodstone may be found, include Australia, Brazil, China, the Czech Republic, India, Madagascar, Russia, and the United States (California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).